The younger brother of Amaterasu, goddess of the sun and mythical ancestress of the Japanese imperial line, he is a multifaceted deity with contradictory characteristics (both good and bad), being portrayed in various stories either as a wild, impetuous god associated with the sea and storms, as a heroic figure who killed a monstrous serpent, or as a local deity linked with the harvest and agriculture. Sympathizing with their plight, Susanoo hid Kushinadahime by transforming her into a comb (kushi), which he placed in his hair. [29], The Kojiki relates that during his banishment, Susanoo asked the goddess of food, Ōgetsuhime-no-Kami (大気都比売神), to give him something to eat. Susanoo. All three were spawned from Izanagi when he washed his face clean of the pollutants of Yomi, the underworld. As he did so, the mountains and rivers shook and the land quaked. Susanoo's children by Kamu-Ōichihime meanwhile are: Susanoo's children who are either born without a female partner or whose mother is unidentified are: Deities identified as Susanoo's children found only in the Izumo Fudoki are: An Edo period text, the Wakan Sansai Zue (和漢三才図会, lit. Susanoo is a tumultuous deity at heart, and his chaotic moods and disheveled appearance are direct reflections of his status as the god of storms. While Susanoo from the nose was the incarnation of the storm may it be wind, sea or even sand. In the Kojiki and the Nihon Shoki, Susanoo is repeatedly associated with Ne-no-Kuni, the "Land of Roots." Izanagi set these three gods at the head of the heavenly bureaucracy and selected Susanoo as its guardian. The seas surrounding South Japan—where many of his shrines are located—reflect these attributes. [20][21][22] A furious Amaterasu in response hid inside the Ama-no-Iwato ("Heavenly Rock Cave"), plunging heaven and earth into total darkness. Closer to Japan, Yu the Great fought the dragon Xiangliu, a nine-headed serpent. Meanwhile, the women she had produced from his sword were his. [84], Susanoo's acts of violence after proving his sincerity in the ukehi ritual has been a source of puzzlement to many scholars. Izanagi fled from Yomi, where he had gone to retrieve his wife. Like many storm, wind, and sea kami who serve under him, Susanoo can be both benevolent and malevolent. Because of his association with Kumano Shrine in Shimane Prefecture, he is also 熊野家都御子神 (Kumano Ketsumiko no Kami), the Great God/Caretaker of Kumano. [94][95], Susanoo's child by Kushinadahime is variously identified as Yashimajinumi-no-Kami (八島士奴美神) in the Kojiki and as Ōnamuchi-no-Kami (大己貴神) in the Nihon Shoki's main narrative. This thrown horse killed one of her handmaidens and caused Amaterasu to flee in grief. After saying this, he left his spirit to stay quiet at this place and established the Great Rice Field of Susa and the Small Rice Field of Susa. Each of these can be translated as "the Great God Susanoo." Susanoo inherited his father's sword Totsuka no Tsurugi, which Izanagi used to kill his newborn son, Kagu-Tsuchi after his birth burned his mother, Izanami, to death. Tsukuyomi married his sister Amaterasu, though it is unclear if he is the father of her children. Susano'o is the brother of Amaterasu, the goddess of the sun, and of Tsukuyomi, the god of the moon. By doing so, she and her descendants would be spared from pestilence. (In the Kojiki and in variant accounts contained in the Shoki, Ōnamuchi / Ōnamuji (Ōkuninushi) is instead Susanoo's descendant.). They were birthed from Izanagi who, with Izanami were responsible for the creation of the Japanese archipelago. Susanoo immediately rushed to battle against the monster, but was beaten back. He destroyed his sister’s rice field before flaying one of her horses and hurling its body at her sacred loom. Remove Ads Advertisement . And knowing each of them, we learn more about the thoughts and behavior of different peoples. From within the serpent's tail Susanoo discovered the sword Ame-no-Murakumo-no-Tsurugi (天叢雲剣, "Sword of the Gathering Clouds of Heaven"), also known as Kusanagi-no-Tsurugi (草薙剣 "Grass-Cutting Sword"), which he then presented to Amaterasu as a reconciliatory gift.[31][32]. Fill each barrel with the thick wine of eight-fold brewings, and wait." After blocking the entrance to prevent her escape, Izanagi went to a nearby hot spring and cleansed himself of Yomi’s impurities. They would take the other’s object and see who could create the best kami. In some versions of the myth, Susanoo rules not only the seas but also all elements of a storm, including snow and hail, and in rare cases even sand. 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